The Secano Interior is an area of non-irrigated vineyards, ideal for the wine industry. It is irrigated only by rainfall. It is located in the central part of Chile, which has soils derived from granitic and clayey materials, which due to their agro-climatic and topographic characteristics are suitable for the development of vines.

Inland Drylands and the wine industry

Its wine-growing potential is due to the climatic conditions of the area, with long, temperate summers without humidity, little chance of late frosts in spring and early frosts in autumn. In addition, it does not usually rain during the vegetative growth period, especially during the flowering and ripening of the grapes.

 

You may be interested in: Heritage grape varieties, enhancing the value of Chile's wines.

 

Inland Dryland Planted Vines

The main varieties planted in this area are the so-called heritage grape varieties: País, Muscat d'Alexandria, Carignan and Cinsault. White grape varieties such as Semillon and Chasselas Dorè (Corinth) have also been planted.

 

Characteristics of the wines of the Secano Interior

The absence of rain in the summer months, as well as the four distinct seasons, allow us to obtain healthy grapes with optimum ripeness for each vintage.

 

Wines produced from grapes of the country grape variety from this area generally have medium to low acidity, low colour intensity and a very good concentration and fruit character.

 

Wines derived from the Moscatel de Alejandría or Italia grape variety stand out for their muscatelised aroma and flavour.

 

Agricultural work in the Secano Interior

The vines in this area are not irrigated, so the soil has to be prepared to absorb all the rainfall, and the methods of ploughing, harrowing and cross-crossing are applied. Fertilisation is sparse and is based on nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and boron.

 

Lessons from the Inland Drylands for the wine industry

As it is a non-irrigated plantation, it provides a perfect water balance between the soil and rainwater. This characteristic and those mentioned above made it the place chosen for the first vineyard plantations in the country, around 400 years ago, and today it has very ancient roots, being a living heritage for Chile.

 

The Secano Interior area has great exemplary potential for the wine industry, such as having vineyards with deep roots, the ability to manage and control the plantations in a traditional way and the low presence of pests, all of which translates into high quality grapes from which balanced wines are obtained, with good acidity and expressive of their terroir, i.e. wines with great identity.

 

You can read: The terroir of Chile's vineyards.